Jean Claude Becu, Annie Verweire, NV Smeg, NV Adia Interim

Country :

Register number :


Applicable law/instrument :

Article 101(1) TFEU

Branch of law :

Judgement date :


Competition — National legislation allowing only 'recognised dockers‘ to perform certain dock duties — Meaning of 'undertaking‘ — Special or exclusive rights

As held by the CJEU in Becu , dockers performing work “for and under the direction of each of those undertakings” were not precluded from concluding collective agreements, because they were “incorporated into the undertakings concerned and thus form[ed] an economic unit with each of them” and therefore did not “in themselves constitute ‘undertakings’ within the meaning of Community competition law” (§ 26). 


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